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2023: Russia Suspends Only Remaining Major Nuclear Treaty With US

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MOSCOW, Russia — You can learn more about this by visiting the website.

Putin also said in his state-of-the-nation address that Russia should be ready to resume nuclear weapons tests if the U.S. did so. This would end a global ban on nuclear weapons tests that had been in place since the Cold War.

Putin said that the U.S. and its NATO allies have made it clear that they want Russia to lose in Ukraine. This is why he decided to stop Russia’s obligations under New START.

“They want to inflict a strategic defeat’ on us while also trying to get to our nuclear facilities,” he said, announcing Russia’s decision to withdraw from the treaty. “In this context, I must announce today that Russia is withdrawing from the Treaty on Strategic Offensive Arms.”

The Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms is the official name of New START.

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken called Putin’s decision “deeply unfortunate and irresponsible,” adding, “we’ll be watching carefully to see what Russia actually does.”

“Of course, we’ll make sure that in any event we’re postured appropriately for the security of our own country and that of our allies,” he said, adding that “we remain ready to talk about strategic arms limitations with Russia at any time, regardless of what else is going on in the world or our relationship.”

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People Strongly Urge Putin To Reconsider

“I think it’s important that we keep acting responsibly in this area,” Blinken told reporters during a visit to Greece. “It’s also something that the rest of the world anticipates from us.”

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg also regretted Putin’s decision, saying that “the full arms control architecture has been dismantled with today’s decision on New START.”

“I strongly urge Russia to reconsider its decision and to adhere to existing agreements,” he told reporters.

While the U.S. has pushed for the resumption of inspections of Russian nuclear facilities under the treaty, Putin argued that NATO allies had assisted Ukraine in mounting drone attacks on Russian air bases hosting nuclear-capable strategic bombers.

The Russian military said it shot down the Soviet-built drones that attacked two bomber bases deep inside Russia in December, but it also admitted that debris killed several servicemen and damaged some aircraft.

Putin dismissed NATO’s statement urging Russia to allow the United States to resume inspections of Russian nuclear weapons sites as “some kind of absurd theatre.”

“With NATO’s expert assistance, the drones used for it were equipped and modernized,” Putin said. “And now they want to inspect our defense facilities? It sounds ridiculous in the context of today’s confrontation.”

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Russia Has Plans To Deploy More Weapons

He stated that he signed a week ago order to deploy new land-based strategic missiles and queried, “Are they also going to poke their noses there?”

The Russian leader also stated that NATO’s statement on New START raises the issue of Britain and France’s nuclear weapons, which are part of the alliance’s nuclear capability but are not included in the US-Russia pact.

“They’re also aimed at us. “They are aimed at Russia,” he stated. “Before we return to discussing the treaty, we need to understand NATO members Britain and France’s aspirations, as well as how we take into account their strategic arsenals, which are part of the alliance’s combined strike potential.”

Putin emphasized that Russia is suspending its participation in New START but is not completely withdrawing from the treaty.

The New START treaty, signed by U.S. President Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in 2010, limits each country to 1,550 deployed nuclear warheads and 700 deployed missiles and bombers. The agreement calls for extensive on-site inspections to ensure compliance.

Russia and the United States agreed to extend the treaty for another five years, just days before it expired in February 2021.

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Russia and the U.S. have suspended mutual inspections

Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, Russia and the U.S. have suspended mutual inspections under New START, but Moscow last fall refused to allow them to resume, raising concerns about the pact’s future. Russia also postponed a planned round of treaty consultations indefinitely.

According to the U.S. State Department, Russia’s refusal to allow the inspections “prevents the U.S. from exercising important rights under the treaty and jeopardizes the viability of US-Russian nuclear arms control.” Nothing prevents Russian inspectors from inspecting U.S. facilities, according to the report.

On Tuesday, Putin disputed the U.S. claim that Washington had denied some Russian requests for visits to specific U.S. facilities.

“Under the treaty, we are not permitted to conduct full-fledged inspections,” he explained. “We can’t check anything on their end.”

He claimed that the United States was developing nuclear weapons and that some in the country were considering plans to resume nuclear tests banned under the global test ban that went into effect after the Cold War ended.

“In this case, Rosatom (Russia’s state nuclear corporation) and the Defense Ministry must ensure readiness for Russian nuclear weapon tests,” Putin said. “We naturally won’t be the first to do it, but if the U.S. conducts tests, we will do it. No one should believe that global strategic parity can be destroyed.”

SOURCE – (AP)

 

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Ukraine War: Zelensky Says 31,000 Troops Killed Since Russia’s Full-Scale Invasion

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Volodymyr Zelensky claims 31,000 Ukrainian soldiers were killed during Russia’s full-scale invasion.

The Ukrainian president stated that he would not disclose the number of wounded because it would facilitate Russian military plans.

Typically, the Ukrainian government do not release casualty counts, and other estimates are significantly higher.

The defence minister said half of all Western aid to Ukraine had been delayed, costing lives and land.

Mr Zelensky said on Sunday that he would provide an updated death toll in reaction to Russia’s inflated estimates.

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Ukraine War: Zelensky Says 31,000 Troops Killed Since Russia’s Full-Scale Invasion

“31,000 Ukrainian soldiers have killed in this conflict. Not 300,000, 150,000, or whatever Putin and his dishonest circle claim. But each of these losses is a significant loss to us.”

Speaking about the war’s overall losses, Mr Zelensky stated that tens of thousands of civilians had been killed in Russian-occupied areas of Ukraine, but the exact figure was unknown.

“I don’t know how many of them died, how many were killed, how many were murdered, tortured, how many were deported.”

Ukraine rarely reports a military death toll, and other estimates suggest a far higher figure.

In August, US officials estimated that 70,000 Ukrainian soldiers had been killed, with up to 120,000 injured.

In terms of Russian losses, Mr Zelensky stated that 180,000 Russian soldiers were killed and tens of thousands more injured.

BBC Russian, in collaboration with the Mediazona website, has identified the names of more than 45,000 Russian servicemen who have perished. However, it thinks that the total number is larger than that.

In February, the UK military ministry claimed that 350,000 Russian soldiers had been killed or injured.
President Zelensky’s speech came after his defence minister, Rustam Umerov, chastised the country’s

Western partners for delays in military assistance.

“At the moment, commitment does not constitute delivery,” he added.

Ukraine is currently facing several setbacks in its efforts to expel Russia from its land.

Mr. Umerov stated that the lack of supplies put Ukraine at a greater disadvantage “in the mathematics of war”.

“We do everything possible and impossible but without timely supply it harms us,” he told reporters.
Germany warned in November that the European Union’s (EU) promise to provide a million artillery shells by March would not be met.

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Ukraine War: Zelensky Says 31,000 Troops Killed Since Russia’s Full-Scale Invasion

In January, the EU stated that little over half of these would reach Ukraine by the deadline, but the promised total would arrive at the end of 2024.

President Zelensky stated that a lack of armaments was one of the reasons Ukraine’s much-anticipated counter-offensive last year began later.

That counter-offensive was mostly unsuccessful, one of several failures for Kyiv following early victories in repelling Russia’s invasion in February 2022.

Last week, it was revealed that Ukrainian troops had withdrawn from the strategic eastern town of Avdiivka, Moscow’s largest victory in months.

Mr Zelensky further blamed the situation on dwindling Western military shipments.
Meanwhile, the Biden administration has claimed that the hold-up in Congress over a $60 billion aid plan for Ukraine led to the town’s fall.

Western leaders travelled to Kyiv on Saturday to demonstrate solidarity with Ukraine as it marked two years since Russia’s full-scale invasion.

There was an announcement that Italy and Canada had inked security agreements with Ukraine, increasing support until the country could join NATO.

Canada’s agreement comprised more than three billion Canadian dollars (£1.7 billion) in financial and military assistance.

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Ukraine War: Zelensky Says 31,000 Troops Killed Since Russia’s Full-Scale Invasion

It is not only Ukraine that is having difficulty funding its military activities. Western diplomats say Russia is also straining to send ammo and weaponry.

“Russia’s domestic ammunition production capabilities are currently insufficient for meeting the needs of the Ukraine conflict,” according to a Western diplomat.

They also stated that Moscow has only been able to augment its supply by exploring alternative sources of ammunition and weaponry, which provides a short-term answer.

Meanwhile, the director of Ukraine’s security service stated on Sunday that 47 Russian spy networks operating within Ukraine were discovered last year.

Vasyl Malik further stated that around 2,000 suspected “traitors” have been arrested since Russia’s full-scale invasion.

SOURCE – (BBC)

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RUSSIA: The Kremlin Has Never Been Richer – Thanks To A US Strategic Partner

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Russia is entering its third year of war in Ukraine with an unprecedented amount of cash in government coffers, bolstered by a record $37 billion in crude oil sales to India last year, according to a new analysis, which concludes that some of the crude was refined in India and then exported to the United States as oil products worth more than $1 billion.

This cash flow, which ultimately benefits Moscow, stems from India raising its purchases of Russian crude by more than 13 times its pre-war levels, according to a study by the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA) shared exclusively with CNN. According to the study, it amounts to US strategic partner New Delhi stepping in to replace crude purchases by Western purchasers, which have been decreased due to sanctions imposed in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Despite the fact that Russian crude sales to India are not subject to sanctions and are entirely legal, experts’ examination of shipping lanes indicates that this significant amount of shipments may involve the Kremlin’s so-called “shadow fleet” of crude tankers, which Moscow specifically created to try to conceal who it is trading with and how while also maximizing the Kremlin’s profits.

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RUSSIA: The Kremlin Has Never Been Richer – Thanks To A US Strategic Partner

CNN spotted a possible component of that intricate exchange off the Greek port of Gythio earlier this month. Two oil tankers, one large and the other smaller, sat next to each other for a ship-to-ship transfer, which entails transporting crude oil between vessels, often to conceal its origin and ultimate destination.

The two tankers have a colourful history. Both had departed from Russia weeks before. According to shipping tracking agency Pole Star Global, one is owned by an Indian corporation accused of sanctions violations, while the other was previously controlled by a person subject to separate US penalties.

“Transfers are (sometimes) done legally, but they’re also used as an illicit tactic to evade sanctions,” said Pole Star Global’s David Tannenbaum. “You’re adding multiple layers to the shell game of vessels as they try and confuse authorities as to where this oil is coming from and who’s buying it at the end of the day.”

Analysts claim dozens of identical transfers occur each week in Greece’s Laconian Gulf, a convenient stop on the way to the Suez Canal and Asian markets.

Earlier in February, the US Treasury imposed a new set of penalties on ships and organizations suspected of assisting in the movement of Russian oil in violation of US sanctions to impede the operation of Russia’s shadow fleet.

In late 2022, the United States led a coalition of countries that agreed to a “price cap,” promising not to buy Russian crude for more than $60 per barrel. These countries also prohibited their shipping and insurance companies, which are major players in global shipping, from assisting the movement of Russian crude beyond that price.

“The price cap was the real trigger for the creation of the shadow fleet,” stated Viktor Katona, head of crude oil analysis at trade research firm Kpler. “The longer the supply chains, the more difficult it is to disentangle ship-to-ship transfers, the more difficult it would get… to determine the real cost of a Russian barrel.”

Some oil trading between Russia and India is open and transparent. Windward, a maritime artificial intelligence company, analyzed global shipping movements for CNN and discovered 588 direct voyages by oil tankers from Russia to India last year.

However, some trade between the two countries is more complicated, as CNN discovered off the Greek coast. Pole Star Global investigated the same route last year and discovered over 200 journeys by Russian ships that made a transfer in the Laconian Gulf to another ship that continued to India.

Tannenbaum of Pole Star Global stated that the business “suspected” that the primary motivation for these transfers was to avoid sanctions because “almost all of these vessels” had ties to the United States or the European Union and would be subject to the price cap. “The bay is fenced. It is out of the way. And so they can carry out this activities in a pseudo-anonymous manner.”

Windward CEO Ami Daniel concurred, saying, “That is part of a Russian methodical, systemic effort to just make everything much more complicated.” He described the motive for Russia and oil dealers to avoid sanctions as “gigantic,” saying: “You really needed to have a reason to transfer 60-plus million barrels in the middle of the ocean and export them to India because it’s much easier not to do that – to sail directly.”

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RUSSIA: The Kremlin Has Never Been Richer – Thanks To A US Strategic Partner

The shadow fleet has allowed Russia to establish a parallel shipping network that can withstand Western sanctions’ shifting tactics and focus, with hundreds of tankers owned in secret and operating on convoluted routes. Windward estimates that the fleet increased to 1,800 vessels last year.

India’s crude purchases have had the overall effect of lessening the burden of oil sanctions on Russian President Vladimir Putin. Russia’s federal revenues soared to a record $320 billion in 2023 and are expected to increase even further. According to some estimates, around one-third of the money was spent on the Ukrainian war last year, and a larger part is expected to be spent on the fight in 2024.

The funds at the Kremlin’s disposal place Moscow in a better position to sustain a long war than Kyiv, battling to retain the urgently required flow of Western funding.

According to RAND economist Howard Shatz’s examination of public statistics from the Russian finance ministry, Russian government revenue and expenditure reached all-time highs in 2023. However, Moscow has yet to balance its books, indicating the war’s high cost and the impact of sanctions on oil earnings.

“Despite the jump in revenues, the federal budget deficit was at its third-highest… larger only in 2022 and 2020,” added Mr. Obama. “Tax on domestic production and imports are both high and effective, which means they are taxing their population to pay for this war,” he said.

India has defended its purchases from Russia as a way to keep world prices down by not competing with Western nations for Middle Eastern oil. Hardeep Singh Puri, India’s Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, told CNBC this week that if the country starts importing more Middle Eastern oil, the price will be less than $75 or $76. “It will cost $150.

India’s intricate involvement in global oil trading is reflected in the fate of the oil products produced from Russian crude. Some crude is converted into oil products at refineries along India’s western coast before being transported to the United States and other nations that have imposed sanctions on Russian oil. Sanctions do not affect products refined outside Russia, which critics call a “refinery loophole.”

The CREA estimated that the US was the largest consumer of refined products from India derived from Russian crude last year, worth $1.3 billion between early December 2022, when the price cap was implemented, and the end of 2023. The projections are based on publicly available shipping and energy statistics.

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RUSSIA: The Kremlin Has Never Been Richer – Thanks To A US Strategic Partner

The value of these oil product exports increases dramatically when US partners imposing sanctions on Russia are added. The CREA anticipated that these countries would buy $9.1 billion in oil products derived from Russian crude oil in 2023, a 44% increase over the previous year.

Moscow has developed a way to profit from the refining and export process. One of the Indian refineries and ports that handle Russian crude is in Vadinar and is operated by Nayara Energy, a 49.1 %-%-owned subsidiary of Russian state oil major Rosneft. The CREA anticipated that the US will import $63 million in oil products processed in Vadinar in 2023, with Russian crude accounting for roughly half of the crude utilized in the plant. Everything is above board.

However, the organization’s assessment stated that exports from Vadinar “lead to significant tax revenues for the Kremlin in the form of taxing the exported Russian crude oil” and profits Rosneft gained from refining and reselling to Moscow’s Western opponents.

Nonetheless, researchers say the profits that may be earned from even the tiniest evasion of sanctions against Russia are enormous, given the large sums involved in selling a single oil tanker’s cargo. “You’re talking about something which is amazingly lucrative,” remarked Daniel at Windward. “Traders face significant temptation to engage in such behaviour.” They earn $10 to $40 million in four or five months. I don’t think there’s any other opportunity in the world to achieve it.”

SOURCE – (CNN)

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Macron Says Recognizing A Palestinian State Is Not A Taboo For France

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PARIS — As worldwide displeasure with Israel’s activities in the Palestinian territories deepens, French President Emmanuel Macron believes recognising a Palestinian state is not a ”taboo”.

France and the EU have long advocated for a two-state solution in the Middle East but as part of a negotiated settlement. With talks long deadlocked and Israel’s offensive against Hamas in Gaza intensifying, some European countries are expressing support for recognising a Palestinian state sooner.

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Macron Says Recognizing A Palestinian State Is Not A Taboo For France

“Recognising a Palestinian state is not a taboo for France,” Macron said Friday at a meeting in Paris with Jordan’s King Abdullah. “We owe it to Palestinians, whose aspirations have been trampled for far too long.” We owe it to Israelis, who endured the biggest antisemitic massacre of our time. We owe it to a region striving to rise above those who incite disorder and sow resentment.

Macron should have specified when or under what conditions France could recognise a Palestinian state, and France is unlikely to make such a move unilaterally. However, France has significant diplomatic power as one of just five permanent United Nations Security Council members.

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Macron Says Recognizing A Palestinian State Is Not A Taboo For France

“Our regional partners, particularly Jordan, are working on it, and we are working with them. “We are ready to contribute to it, both in Europe and at the Security Council,” Macron added.

He also called for a cease-fire in Gaza and warned that an Israeli offensive on Rafah, near Egypt’s border, would result in a “humanitarian disaster without precedent.”

British Foreign Minister David Cameron stated earlier this month that his country may officially recognise a Palestinian state following a cease-fire in Gaza.

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Macron Says Recognizing A Palestinian State Is Not A Taboo For France

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu rejects Palestinian statehood, and there have been no real talks for a two-state solution since 2009. Some of Israel’s important allies may recognise a Palestinian state, putting pressure on Israel to resume negotiations.

SOURCE – (AP News)

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