Biden Sends B61-12 Tactical Nuclear Weapons to Europe
On Saturday, Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko stated that the rapid deployment of updated US B61 tactical nuclear weapons at NATO facilities in Europe would lower the “nuclear threshold” and that Russia would factor the move into its military strategy.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine had sparked the most serious clash between Moscow and Washington since the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis when the two Cold War superpowers came dangerously near nuclear war.
Russia has approximately 2,000 operational, tactical nuclear weapons, whereas the US has approximately 200 such weapons, half located at facilities in Italy, Germany, Turkey, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
According to Reuters, the US told a confidential NATO meeting to speed the deployment of the B61-12, an upgraded variant of the B61, with the new bombs arriving at European locations in December, several months earlier than intended.
“We cannot ignore the intentions to modernize nuclear weapons, especially the free-fall bombs that are being deployed in Europe,” Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko told reporters.
According to studies by the Federation of American Scientists, the 12-foot B61-12 gravity bomb has a lesser yield nuclear payload than many previous variants but is more accurate and can penetrate below ground.
“The US is updating them, boosting their precision and reducing the force of the nuclear charge, turning these weapons into ‘battlefield weapons,’ lowering the nuclear threshold,” Grushko explained.
The US begins production of its latest tactical nuclear weapons.
The Biden Administration unveiled a new defence strategy Thursday that puts the United States on a Cold War-era footing with China and Russia, outlining a plan to confront two nuclear peer adversaries for the first time in history with a multi-year build-up of modernized weaponry, strengthened foreign alliances, and a total overhaul of the American nuclear arsenal.
The 80-page book serves as the Administration’s plan for global security in the coming decades, stating unequivocally that the United States faces two formidable but very distinct competitors.
It sees China as a long-term “pacing challenge” because of its expanding military projection in the Pacific region, while Russia is an immediate “acute threat” because of its ongoing war with Ukraine and repeated threats to launch a nuclear strike.
“We deliberately chose the word ‘acute,'” Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin told reporters at the Pentagon. “Unlike China, Russia cannot long-term challenge the United States, but Russian aggression poses an urgent and severe threat to our interests and principles.”
In recent weeks, Russian missile assaults on civilian targets in Ukraine and unsubstantiated allegations of a pending “dirty bomb” detonation have fueled worries that the world is on the verge of nuclear Armageddon.
According to Austin, the Administration is deeply concerned about the conflict’s escalation, but it remains committed to providing Ukraine with weapons and the means to defend itself.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has often discussed the use of nuclear weapons in the eight-month-old conflict, and this week oversaw nuclear drills involving Russian submarines, bombers, and ballistic missile launches within Russia.
Austin dismissed suspicions that the war drills were a cover for a genuine nuclear assault, saying US intelligence had found no evidence of such preparations.
He said senior Russian officials had privately stated that there are no plans to use a nuclear bomb in Ukraine, but the US remained wary.
“It would be the first time in almost 70 years that a nuclear bomb has been used, so that certainly has the potential to change things in the world community,” Austin added. “We will continue to explain that any type of use of a weapon of that type, or even the discussion of such usage, is hazardous and irresponsible.”
Meanwhile, China is portrayed as the “most relevant strategic competitor for the future decades” in the strategic plan. According to the US, Beijing is actively working to undercut US alliances with Asian partners by strengthening its military and nuclear forces and threatening to invade the US-allied island of Taiwan.
“China is the only challenger out there with both the will and, increasingly, the power to remake the international system,” Austin said.
The Administration has concluded that Beijing intends to triple the number of nuclear weapons to 1,000 by 2030 while also building hundreds of additional silos capable of firing long-range ballistic missiles that hit the United States and its far-flung nuclear troops.
While the United States has a more than 10-to-1 edge over China regarding nuclear warheads and delivery systems, the Pentagon sees a need to prepare for the decades ahead.
The Chinese nuclear buildup is an unprecedented challenge for the military, which has only had to focus on deterring one near-peer adversary—formerly the Soviet Union, now Russia—from launching a nuclear assault since World War II’s end.
“I do not want to imply that this is a solved or closed situation and that we now have the answers,” a senior defence official who was not authorized to talk publicly on the subject told reporters.
“This is uncharted ground for us… How can you combat one opponent with enough reserves to keep the other at bay? And the second element of that cannot be a solution in which we need 2,000 nuclear warheads if China has 1,000 and Russia has 1,000 because that would be an arms race that no one wants to be in.”
More here: Inside America’s $100 Billion Mission to Modernize Its Aging Nuclear Missiles
Austin’s proposal departs significantly from President Joe Biden’s campaign commitment to diminish the role of nuclear weapons in US strategy.
There are hints toward disarmament, such as directions to stop developing nuclear-armed sea-launched cruise missiles, retire the heaviest gravity bomb in the US arsenal, the B83, and end the avowed strategy of keeping nuclear weapons as a “hedge against an unpredictable future.”
However, the big improvement that non-proliferation experts had hoped for has not occurred.
“It substantially maintains the nuclear deterrence strategy and posture, including capabilities added during the Trump Administration.” “It is unclear how it decreases the role of nuclear weapons as the President instructed,” says Leonor Tomero, Biden’s Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for nuclear and missile defence until October 2021.
“There is an urgent urgency to lower the risk of nuclear war, particularly when nuclear tensions are at their highest in years.”
According to Tomero, the hazards of miscalculation and unexpected quick escalation could lead to the use of nuclear weapons. “To avoid these dangers, these new threats necessitate clear solutions and effective efforts to adapt and reinforce deterrence,” she says.
Under a bilateral deal known as New START, the United States and Russia are currently limited in the number of strategic warheads and delivery systems until February 2026.
On the other hand, China is not a signatory to the pact and has shown no evidence of trying to rein in its nuclear weapons programs, raising concerns about whether further nuclear armament reductions by other countries will be achievable.
“There are repeated references to adjusting US posture in the future, which sets up a future Administration to increase the size of the arsenal or resume nuclear testing,” says Jeffrey Lewis, an analyst at the Middlebury Institute of Strategic Studies’ James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies.
The administration is particularly concerned about the growth of non-nuclear weapons systems, such as hypersonic missiles, and space-based and cyber capabilities.
The strategy calls for “creating enduring advantages,” which includes investments in the Defense Department’s people, changes in weapon-buying processes, and climate change preparation.
Other threats mentioned in the dossier include Iran and North Korea and “violent extremist organizations,” which is military lingo for terrorist groups.
The Biden team’s focus on Moscow and Beijing is consistent with the US national security complex’s aim to shift away from the Middle East’s quagmire of conflict and counter-terrorism operations and engage in Great Power competition.
Congress requires each administration to produce a new national defence policy every four years, and two versions are created: one secret and one public.
The strategy, unveiled on October 27, was the first time it incorporated the so-called Nuclear Posture Review and Missile Defense Review, which affected funding allocations for the following years.
“By weaving these documents together,” Austin explained, “we assist guarantee that the entire department is going ahead together and that our resources are aligned with our goals.”
Canada Extradites Former Soldier to Thailand to Face Murder Charge
An Alleged contract killer and former Canadian soldier Matthew Dupre has been discreetly deported from Canada to Thailand to face a murder charge for the shooting of Canadian criminal Jimi Sandhu in Phuket on February 4, 2022.
Last week, a special Airbus A340 flight carrying 10 members of the CSD’s Hanuman special weapons and tactics unit led by Pol Col Wichak Tarom, a deputy CSD commander, and 30 members of a Royal Thai Air Force special operations unit took off from Don Mueang airport for Vancouver, Canada, to bring Dupre back to Thailand.
The special flight, which included Dupre, returned to Thailand and landed at Don Mueang airport’s Wing 6 terminal at 11 p.m. on Sunday. The airport was closed temporarily due to strict security. Around 30 other Hanuman unit members and RTAF ground security met the flight.
The suspect was driven from the airport to CSD headquarters in a motorcade. His incarceration is now being monitored by the Central Investigation Bureau.
On February 4, 2022, at approximately 10.30 p.m., two foreign men shot Canadian gangster Jimi Singh (Slice) Sandhu dead in the parking area of his rented beachfront villa on Rawai beach in Phuket’s Muang district. A security camera captured the killers entering the villa.
Matthew Dupre was recognised as a suspect by Phuket and CSD police investigations.
On February 11, 2022, the Phuket Court issued a warrant for the arrest of Dupre and his accused accomplice on counts of premeditated murder, illegally possessing guns and ammunition, and carrying and using the guns in public.
According to a police investigation, the two suspects departed Thailand for Canada on February 6th.
On February 15, the Royal Thai Police international affairs section issued a letter to the Attorney General’s Office, along with the arrest warrants. Under the Extradition Act of 2008, the OAG was asked to cooperate with Canada for Dupre’s extradition.
The OAG then took the desired measure.
The Alberta Provincial Court in Canada issued an arrest warrant for Matthew Dupre at the request of the Alberta Attorney General’s Office.The Royal Canadian Mounted Police apprehended Dupre on February 20, 2022, at his house in Sylvan Lake, Alberta, near Red Deer.
The Court of Alberta in Edmonton later approved Dupre’s extradition to Thailand under Canada’s Extradition Act of 1999. Gene Lahrkamp, the second wanted suspect in the investigation, died in a tiny plane crash in Canada in May 2022.
The Extradition Act of Canada
The Extradition Act of Canada is a law that governs the process of extraditing individuals from Canada to foreign countries, as well as from foreign countries to Canada. The current version of the Extradition Act was enacted in 1999 and has undergone subsequent amendments.
The purpose of the Extradition Act is to establish a legal framework for extradition, which is the formal process by which one country requests the surrender of an individual located in another country for the purpose of facing criminal charges or serving a sentence.
Here are some key features of Canada’s Extradition Act:
1. Dual Criminality: Extradition can only be granted if the alleged conduct for which extradition is sought is considered a criminal offense in both Canada and the requesting country. This principle ensures that a person cannot be extradited for an act that is not considered a crime in Canada.
2. Extraditable Offenses: The Act provides a list of offenses that are considered extraditable, which includes a wide range of serious crimes such as murder, terrorism, drug trafficking, and fraud. The list can be expanded through bilateral treaties or multilateral agreements.
3. Extradition Process: The Act outlines the steps involved in the extradition process, including the submission of an extradition request, judicial review of the request, and the surrender of the individual if the extradition is granted.
4. Judicial Involvement: The Act emphasizes the role of the judiciary in the extradition process. Courts are responsible for reviewing the evidence presented by the requesting country to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to justify extradition. The courts also consider factors such as human rights and the possibility of the death penalty or cruel and unusual punishment.
5. Ministerial Discretion: The Minister of Justice in Canada has the final authority to make the decision on whether to surrender the person for extradition after the judicial process is complete. The Minister can refuse extradition in certain circumstances, such as if there are concerns about the person’s safety or if the request is politically motivated.
6. Appeal Process: The Act allows for an appeal process, where the person sought for extradition can challenge the decision through the Canadian courts, up to the Supreme Court of Canada in some cases.
It’s important to note that the Extradition Act is subject to international treaties and agreements, which may modify or supplement its provisions in specific cases. The Act provides a legal framework to ensure that extradition requests are handled in a fair and transparent manner while protecting the rights of the individuals involved.
Jan. 6 Rioters Are Bringing In thousands In Donations. Now The US Is Coming After Their Haul
Daniel Goodwyn, a Texan who pled guilty to storming the U.S. Capitol, made an appearance on Tucker Carlson’s former Fox News show less than two months after his plea and promoted a website where people could donate money to help him and other rioters, who the website referred to as “political prisoners.”
An increasing government effort to prohibit rioters from personally profiting from an act that rattled the foundations of American democracy has resulted in the Justice Department demanding that Goodwyn return more than $25,000 he raised.
Prosecutors in the more than one thousand criminal cases dating back to January 6, 2021, are increasingly requesting judges to impose fines in addition to prison sentences to balance donations from supporters of the Capitol rioters, according to a study of court documents by the Associated Press.
Prosecutors have acknowledged nothing improper about defendants setting up Internet fundraising efforts to help with legal expenditures. Since many of the accused have had government-funded legal representation, the Justice Department has occasionally raised concerns about the true use of the funds.
Most of these campaigns can be found on GiveSendGo, which promotes itself as “The #1 Free Christian Fundraising Site” and has become a safe haven for those originally banned from utilizing popular crowdfunding platforms like GoFundMe on January 6. Even as they make deals to plead guilty and assist authorities, the rioters frequently declare their innocence and portray themselves as victims of government oppression.
Their ability to raise money demonstrates that many Americans maintain the false assumption that Democrats plotted to steal the 2020 presidential election from Donald Trump. The idea has been bolstered by the previous president’s promise to pardon rioters if he is re-elected.
More than $16,000 was gathered for Markus Maly’s family through an internet campaign that referred to him as a “January 6 P.O.W.” Maly is a Virginia man due to be sentenced next month for attacking police at the Capitol. Although a public defender represented Maly at no cost to himself, prosecutors have asked for a punishment of $16,000 or more.
An increasing government effort to prohibit rioters from personally profiting from an act that rattled the foundations of American democracy.
According to court documents, prosecutors believe it is inappropriate for the defendant to “capitalize” on his involvement in the Capitol breach by using the fame he has achieved due to his criminal activities.
According to the A.P.’s count, prosecutors have sought fines totaling over $390,000 from at least 21 riot suspects this year. These fines have ranged from $450 to over $71,000.
This year, judges have fined at least $124,127 amongst 33 riot suspects. Over the prior two years, over a hundred riot defendants were fined over $240,000.
To repay the nearly $2.8 million in damages to the Capitol and other expenses incurred on January 6, judges have ordered hundreds of convicted rioters to pay over $524,000.
The harshest sentences for those rioters who faced the most serious charges are finally being handed down. They are also the most active in soliciting donations, which may account for the uptick in requests for monetary penalties.
A judge earlier this month handed Nathaniel DeGrave a sentence of almost three years in prison and a fine of $25,000. Prosecutors said the Nevada man “incredibly” collected over $120,000 through GiveSendGo campaigns labeling him “Beijing Biden’s political prisoner” in “America’s Gitmo,” a reference to the detention facility at Guantánamo Bay.
Despite “seeking to cooperate with the government and admitting he and his co-conspirators were guilty since at least November 2021,” the prosecutor wrote, “he did this.”
DeGrave’s attorney William Shipley, who has also represented more than two dozen other January 6 offenders, said his clients should not raise money as a political prisoners if they want to enter a guilty plea.
They have every right to scream from the rooftops that the only reason they are being kept is because of politics until they admit to having committed a crime, as Shipley put it. To quote the First Amendment: “It’s just free political speech.”
An increasing government effort to prohibit rioters from personally profiting from an act that rattled the foundations of American democracy
According to Shipley, he proved to the judge that DeGrave had $25,000 more in donations than legal fees.
“I’ve never had clients that had third-party fundraising like this,” Shipley said, “so I’ve never had to do it.” “There is a section of the population that feels sorry for these accused.”
Heather Wilson, the co-founder of the crowdfunding platform GiveSendGo, explained that accepting contributions for the legal defense of those accused in the Capitol riot “is rooted in our society’s commitment to the presumption of innocence and the freedom for all individuals to hire private attorneys.”
Just over 500 defendants have been punished for offenses committed on January 6, marking a milestone in the largest federal investigation in American history and prompting the government to argue for higher punishments.
When prosecutors ask for a fine, judges are sometimes granting them.
Peter Schwartz, a guy from Kentucky who attacked Capitol police with pepper spray and a chair, was facing a fine of almost $70,000, according to prosecutors. This month, U.S. District Judge Amit Mehta gave Schwartz one of the heaviest jail terms handed down in a case involving the Capitol incident, although he did not impose a fine.
Prosecutors accuse Schwartz of trying to make money via his GoFundMe page, “Patriot Pete Political Prisoner in D.C.” However, Dennis Boyle, who represents him, claims no such proof exists.
In this case, the judge “basically said that if the money was being used for attorneys’ fees or other costs like that, there was no basis for a fine,” Boyle said.
John Strand, a cover model for romance novels, was found guilty by a jury of storming the Capitol alongside Dr. Simone Gold, a prominent California physician in the anti-vaccine movement. The judge will sentence Strand on Thursday, and prosecutors ask for a $50,000 fine and jail time.
Prosecutors claim that Strand has raised over $17,300 for his defense, even though he uses a publicly financed attorney. The fact that Strand can afford to live in a mansion that cost over $3 million indicates that he has “substantial financial means,” as the authorities have put it.
“Strand has raised, and continues to raise, money on his website based upon his false statements and misrepresentations on the events of January 6,” the prosecutors stated.
Goodwyn will be sentenced in April after appearing on Carlson’s show in March. The defense team’s attorney, Carolyn Stewart, referred to the $25,000 fine requested by prosecutors as “demanding blood from a stone.”
“He received that amount in charity to help him in the debt for legal fees for former solicitors and this for unknown reasons is bothersome to the government,” Stewart wrote.
SOURCE – (AP)
Regulators Take Aim At AI To Protect Consumers And Workers
NEW YORK — The nation’s finance authority has pledged to ensure that businesses comply with the Regulators law when utilizing artificial intelligence in light of rising concerns over increasingly capable AI systems like ChatGPT.
Automated systems and algorithms already heavily influence credit scores, loan conditions, bank account fees, and other monetary factors. Human resources, real estate, and working conditions are all impacted by AI.
According to Electronic Privacy Information Centre Senior Counsel Ben Winters Regulators, the federal agencies’ joint statement on enforcement released last month was a good starting step.
However, “there’s this narrative that AI is entirely unregulated, which is not really true,” he argued. “What they’re arguing is, ‘Just because you utilise AI to make a judgement, it doesn’t mean you’re exempt from responsibility for the repercussions of that decision. This is how we feel about it. “We are watching.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has issued fines to financial institutions in the past year for using new technology and flawed algorithms, leading to improper foreclosures, repossessions, and lost payments of homes, cars, and government benefits payments.
These enforcement proceedings are used as instances of how there will be no “AI exemptions” to consumer protection, according to regulators.
Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Rohit Chopra stated that the organization is “continuing to identify potentially illegal activity” and has “already started some work to continue to muscle up internally when it comes to bringing on board data scientists, technologists, and others to make sure we can confront these challenges.”
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) joins the Federal Trade Commission, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Department of Justice, and others in claiming they are allocating resources and personnel to target emerging technologies and expose their potentially detrimental effects on consumers.
Chopra emphasized the importance of organizations understanding the decision-making process of their AI systems before implementing them. “In other cases, we are looking at how the use of all this data complies with our fair lending laws and Regulators.”
Financial institutions are required to report reasons for negative credit decisions by law, per the Fair Credit Regulators Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, for instance. Decisions about housing and work are also subject to these rules. Regulators have warned against using AI systems whose decision-making processes are too complex to explain.
Chopra speculated, “I think there was a sense that, ‘Oh, let’s just give it to the robots and there will be no more discrimination,'” I think what we’ve learned is that that’s not the case. The data itself may contain inherent biases.
Regulators have warned against using AI systems whose decision-making processes are too complex to explain.
Chair of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Charlotte Burrows has pledged enforcement action against artificial intelligence (AI) Regulators recruiting technology that discriminates against people with disabilities and so-called “bossware” that illegally monitors employees.
Burrows also discussed the potential for algorithms to dictate illegal working conditions and hours to people.
She then added, “You need a break if you have a disability or perhaps you’re pregnant.” The algorithm only sometimes accounts for that kind of modification. Those are the sorts of things we’re taking a careful look at… The underlying message here is that laws still apply, and we have resources to enforce them; I don’t want anyone to misunderstand that just because technology is changing.
At a conference earlier this month, OpenAI’s top lawyer advocated for an industry-led approach to regulation.
OpenAI’s general counsel, Jason Kwon, recently spoke at a technology summit in Washington, DC, held by software industry group BSA. Industry standards and a consensus on them would be a good place to start. More debate is warranted about whether these should be mandated and how often they should be revised.
At a conference earlier this month, OpenAI’s top lawyer advocated for an industry-led approach to regulation.
The CEO of OpenAI, the company responsible for creating ChatGPT, Sam Altman, recently stated that government action “will be critical to mitigate the risks of increasingly powerful” AI systems and advocated for establishing a U.S. or global body to license and regulate the technology.
Altman and other tech CEOs were invited to the White House this month to confront tough questions about the consequences of these tools, even though there is no indication that Congress would draught sweeping new AI legislation like European politicians are doing.
As they have in the past with new consumer financial products and technologies, the agencies could do more to study and publish information on the relevant AI markets, how the industry is working, who the biggest players are, and how the information collected is being used, according to Winters of the Electronic Privacy Information Centre.
He said that “Buy Now, Pay Later” businesses had been dealt with effectively by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. “The AI ecosystem has a great deal of undiscovered territory. Putting that knowledge out there would help.
SOURCE – (AP)
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