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Canada to Send Asylum Seekers Back to United States

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The Supreme Court of Canada upheld an immigration agreement between the United States and Canada on Friday, stating that asylum applicants must apply in the nation where they first enter.

In an effort to stem the flow of asylum seekers across the common border, the United States and Canada agreed in 2002 to return migrants who go to an official Canadian crossing to the United States and tell them to apply there. The agreement was found valid by the Supreme Court.

“In my view, the record does not support the conclusion that the American detention regime is fundamentally unfair,” wrote Justice Nicholas Kasirer in his ruling.

On behalf of a number of applicants, including an Ethiopian Muslim woman imprisoned after attempting to enter Canada from the United States, the Canadian Council for Refugees challenged the legitimacy of the 2002 agreement.

Lawyers had petitioned the Supreme Court to rule that the statute underlying the treaty violates the right to life, liberty, and security of person, claiming that the United States is not secure for many asylum seekers.

Those who arrive in Canada anywhere other than a port of entry, such as the centre at Roxham Road, were allowed to stay and seek shelter until a new arrangement was announced in March. This accord plugged a gap that had allowed thousands of asylum seekers to travel between the two nations via a back road connecting New York state and the Canadian province of Quebec. The decision also keeps that loophole closed.

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Canada’s Roxham Road

Since early 2017, so many migrants have strolled into Canada via Roxham Road near Champlain, New York, that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police have set up a welcome centre fewer than five miles (8 kilometres) from the official border crossing.

However, under a recently passed regulation, asylum seekers without US or Canadian citizenship who are apprehended within 14 days of crossing anywhere along the 3,145-mile (5,061-kilometer) border will be deported. This includes pedestrians on Roxham Road.

The deal signed in March by US President Joe Biden and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau occurred as the US Border Patrol responded to a sharp spike in unlawful southbound crossings along the wide-open Canadian border.

The number of illegal border crossers into the United States from Canada is small in comparison to those entering the country illegally from Mexico, but there have been fatalities on the Canadian side of the border.

In a statement, Karen Musalo, director of the San Francisco-based Centre for Gender & Refugee Studies, said it was difficult to comprehend how the Canadian high court made its ruling because “by no objective assessment” is the United States safe for asylum seekers.

“The Biden administration has embraced policies that deprive refugees of their right to seek protection, resulting in their unlawful return to countries where they face persecution and torture,” according to the statement.

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Seeking Refuge in Canada

According to Amnesty International, the revised agreement makes it even more hazardous and unfair for people seeking refuge in Canada.

People seeking refuge in Canada come from various countries around the world and may be fleeing persecution, violence, war, or other forms of human rights abuses. Canada has a well-established refugee resettlement program and a legal framework to assess and process refugee claims.

The process for seeking refuge in Canada involves several steps:

1. Claiming asylum: Individuals who arrive in Canada and believe they are in need of protection can make a claim for refugee status. They must prove that they have a well-founded fear of persecution based on their race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group.

2. Initial assessment: The claimant’s case is reviewed by the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB), an independent administrative tribunal. The claimant attends an interview to provide detailed information about their situation, and the IRB determines if there are reasonable grounds for the claim.

3. Refugee hearing: If the claimant’s case passes the initial assessment, a refugee hearing is scheduled. The claimant presents their case and provides evidence supporting their claim for refugee status. The IRB considers all the evidence and makes a decision.

4. Appeals process: If the claim is rejected, the claimant may have the option to appeal the decision to the Refugee Appeal Division (RAD) within the IRB. The RAD reviews the decision based on errors in law, fact, or mixed law and fact. Further appeals can be made to the Federal Court.

5. Resettlement and integration: If a claim for refugee status is approved, the person is granted refugee protection and is eligible to stay in Canada. They may receive resettlement assistance, including temporary housing, financial support, and access to essential services. The government and various organizations help refugees integrate into Canadian society by providing language training, employment support, and other settlement services.

Canada has a long history of accepting refugees and has been recognized as one of the leading countries in refugee resettlement. The government works closely with international organizations, such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), to identify and prioritize vulnerable individuals for resettlement.

It’s important to note that the specific policies and procedures related to refugee resettlement can evolve over time. For the most up-to-date and detailed information, it is recommended to consult the official website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

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Canadian Mother And Twins Charged With Pretending To Be Inuit

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Three Canadian women have been charged with impersonating Inuit to receive benefits from indigenous organizations.

Two sisters, aged 25, allegedly committed fraud by posing as adopted Inuit children.

The two sisters and their 59-year-old mother face two counts of fraud. One Inuit group described the alleged deception as “shocking.”

On October 30, the defendants are scheduled to appear in court in Iqaluit.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) stated in a statement that Amira and Nadya Gill, along with their mother Karima Manji, defrauded two local organizations of “funds that are only available to Inuit beneficiaries by obtaining grants and scholarships” between October 2016 and September 2022.

As part of the Nunavut Agreement, a 1993 indigenous land claim settlement, members of Canada’s Inuit community in the sparsely populated northern territory are eligible for grants and scholarships.

Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., or NTI, which represents Inuits in the territory, oversees the registration of indigenous classification.

NTI stated in a March statement that it had become “aware of possible fraudulent enrollment” of the Gill sisters after Ms. Manji claimed they were adopted and identified an Inuk woman as their birth mother.

inuit

Three Canadian women have been charged with impersonating Inuit to receive benefits from indigenous organizations.

They stated that the instance was a “first of its kind” in the organization’s enrollment program’s history.

The three Ontario residents were removed from the NTI’s list of beneficiaries, and the matter was referred to the RCMP following an investigation.

Kitty Noah, the woman identified by the Gills as their birth mother, stated before her demise in July that she was unrelated to the twins.

In 2021, the sisters Gill, both Ontario’s Queen’s University graduates, launched an online business selling facial masks with designs by indigenous artists.

In an interview with Canadian broadcaster CBC, NTI President Aluki Kotierk stated that the Gill sisters and their mother should “at a minimum” refund the money they received from Inuit organizations.

HE ADDED THAT the NTI will conduct additional training for enrollment committees in the future.

Mr. Kotierk described the alleged fraud as “another form of colonization” and part of a larger trend of non-indigenous Canadians claiming indigenous ancestry.

He stated, “You wanted to take our language from us.” “You intended to strip us of our culture. Are you now attempting to assume our identity? It is simply astounding.”

In a statement, the NTI referred to the incident as “isolated” and stated that it was fortifying enrollment requirements by requiring applicants to submit a copy of their long-form birth certificate.

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Three Canadian women have been charged with impersonating Inuit to receive benefits from indigenous organizations.

In addition to the funds provided by the Kakivak Association and the Qikiqtani Inuit Association, claiming indigenous status enabled the siblings to receive scholarships from Indspire, a Canadian indigenous charity, Hydro One, and the Royal Bank of Canada.

Before 2021, scholarship applicants could self-identify as indigenous, according to a Royal Bank of Canada spokesperson, but the requirements have since been updated.

The BBC has sought comment from Indspire and Hydro One.

Some Canadians have used “pretendians” to refer those who fraudulently claim indigenous ancestry.

Jean Teillet, a member of the Métis indigenous community, told Global News that the term “sounds harmless” minimizes the gravity of the issue.

“I prefer to call it fraud because the definition of fraud is intentional deception to obtain a material gain, and that’s what we’re talking about here.”

The three accused women were not readily accessible for comment.

 

SOURCE – (BBC)

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US Child Dies From Fentanyl Kept Under Nursery Nap Mat In Daycare

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Police say that the fentanyl that killed a one-year-old child in a New York City nursery was concealed under a mat in the nap room while the child slept.

On Friday, Nicholas Dominici, who had only worked at the nursery for a week, died of a suspected narcotic overdose.

Three additional children were hospitalized after exposure to the potent narcotic at the Bronx creche.

Two individuals have been indicted on drug conspiracy and murder allegations.

The children, aged eight months to two years, are believed to have inhaled fentanyl at the creche.

Three minors were administered Narcan, a drug used to reverse opioid overdoses.

ABC quoted Dominici’s father, Otoniel Feliz, saying he is still processing his small child’s death.

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“I love him, I miss him, and I want him back,” stated Mr. Feliz. However, there is nothing that will return my son to me.

A nursery search uncovered one kilogram of fentanyl “under a mat where the children had been sleeping earlier,” according to NYPD Chief Detective Joseph Kenny.

Additionally, investigators allegedly found three presses used to compact kilograms of drugs.

Federal prosecutors have charged the owner of the Divino Nio nursery in the Bronx, Grei Mendez, 36, and her tenant, Carlisto Acevedo Brito, 41, with narcotics possession “with intent to distribute resulting in death” and conspiracy to distribute narcotics resulting in death.

“We allege that the defendants poisoned four infants and killed one of them because they were operating a drug operation out of a creche,” Manhattan US Attorney Damien Williams said on Tuesday.

“A nursery – a place where children should be kept safe, not surrounded by a drug that can kill them in an instant.”

The narcotics recovered from the nursery, according to the police, could have killed 500,000 people.

After discovering that her children were ill, Ms. Mendez called her spouse multiple times before dialing 911, as evidenced by surveillance footage and phone records. According to officials, her husband arrived and removed several full shopping bags from the nursery.

According to prosecutors, Ms. Mendez purged approximately 20,000 text messages from her phone before her arrest. Eventually, authorities were able to recover them.

The fourth surge of the fentanyl epidemic sweeps the United States.
Authorities are still searching for her spouse, who has been identified as a co-conspirator in court documents. According to the police, he was captured on camera fleeing the site of the incident.

A lawyer for Ms. Mendez stated that his client denied the charges and was oblivious that illegal substances were stored in the nursery.

According to ABC News, her attorney, Andres Aranda, stated, “Her only crime was renting a room to someone with a kilogramme.”

fentanyl

Police say that the fentanyl that killed a one-year-old child in a New York City nursery was concealed under a mat in the nap room while the child slept.

There is no evidence that she provided improper care for these infants.

It is unknown whether Mr. Brito, the cousin of Ms. Mendez’s spouse, has an attorney.

Authorities have classified both suspects as flight risks and hold them without bond. If convicted, they each face life in prison.

On September 6, city health examiners conducted a surprise inspection of the nursery, but no violations were found, according to City Health Commissioner Ashwin Vasan.

“I apologise, but my childcare inspectors are not trained to search for fentanyl. But perhaps they should,” he said at a Monday news conference.

At the same news conference, Mayor Eric Adams demanded a “full national assault” against the substance, emphasizing its potency.

A tenth of the measure of a fingernail is sufficient to kill an adult. Imagine what it could do to a child,” he said, holding up a photograph comparing a lethal dosage to a penny.

According to recent research, fentanyl has reached virtually every part of the United States, from Hawaii to Rhode Island and Alaska.

Less than 40,000 Americans died of drug overdoses in 2010, and less than 10% of those fatalities were attributable to fentanyl.

By 2021, more than 100,000 people per year had perished from drug overdoses, with an estimated 66% of those deaths attributable to fentanyl.

SOURCE – (BBC)

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Tropical Storm Ophelia Moves Inland Over North Carolina As Coastal Areas Lashed With Wind And Rain

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ANNAPOLIS, Maryland — After making landfall near Emerald Isle early Saturday morning, Tropical Storm Ophelia swirled across North Carolina, lashing eastern portions of the state with rain, damaging winds, and hazardous water surges.

The storm landed at 6:15 a.m. with near-hurricane-force winds of 70 mph (110 kph) but was anticipated to weaken as it turned north Saturday and then shifted northeast on Sunday, according to the U.S. National Hurricane Centre.

As of Friday, Ophelia is churning up the East Coast at approximately 13 mph (21 kph), bringing windy conditions and torrential rainfall for the weekend. Through Sunday, portions of North Carolina and Virginia may receive up to 7 inches (18 centimeters) of precipitation, with 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) predicted for the remainder of the mid-Atlantic region.

Philippe Papin, a hurricane expert at the National Hurricane Centre, stated that the primary risk posed by the storm system over the next few days will be the possibility of flooding precipitated by the rain.

“Tropical storm-force winds have been observed, but they are beginning to gradually diminish as the system moves further inland,” Papin said in an early Saturday interview. However, in the next 12 to 24 hours, a substantial portion of eastern North Carolina and southern Virginia is at risk for flooding precipitation.

Several eastern North Carolina counties had tens of thousands of residences and businesses without power as of Saturday morning, according to poweroutage.us, which monitors utility reports.

ophelia

Tropical Storm Ophelia swirled across North Carolina, lashing eastern portions of the state with rain, damaging winds, and hazardous water surges.

Jeff Brooks, a spokesperson for Duke Energy, told WTVD-TV on Saturday, “When you have a slow-moving storm with several inches of rain and a wind gust of 30, 40 miles per hour, that’s enough to bring down a tree or limbs.” “This has been the case in the majority of areas where we have experienced outages.”

From Bogue Inlet, North Carolina, to Chincoteague, Virginia, a storm surge warning was issued indicating the threat of rising ocean water forced inland by Ophelia. In some locations, waves of 4 to 6 feet (1.2 to 1.8 meters) were predicted. The area from Cape Fear, North Carolina, to Fenwick Island, Delaware, was issued a storm warning.

On Friday, each of North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland governors declared a state of emergency. Several institutions closed early, and several weekend activities were canceled. The Washington Nationals baseball contest scheduled for Saturday was postponed until Sunday. Until conditions improve, the North Carolina Ferry System suspended service on all routes until conditions improve.

ophelia

Tropical Storm Ophelia swirled across North Carolina, lashing eastern portions of the state with rain, damaging winds, and hazardous water surges.

Nancy Shoemaker and her husband Bob picked up sandbags in a park in Annapolis, the capital of Maryland, on Friday. In October of last year, a storm surge swept away the sandbags they had placed in their yard, which is adjacent to the water.

Nancy Shoemaker stated, “We’re hoping that won’t happen this time.” “If we have a lot of wind and a lot of surge, it can look like the ocean out there, so that’s a problem.”

Michael Brennan, director of the National Hurricane Centre, stated that it is not unusual for one or two tropical cyclones or hurricanes to form annually off the East Coast.

Brennan stated in a Friday interview, “We’re at the height of hurricane season, and storms can form virtually anywhere in the Atlantic basin.”

According to scientists, climate change could result in hurricanes expanding their reach into mid-latitude regions more frequently, making cyclones like Hurricane Lee more frequent.

One study simulated tropical cyclone trajectories from the pre-industrial and modern eras and a future with increased emissions. It was discovered that hurricanes would track closer to the coastal, including around Boston, New York, and Virginia, and form more frequently along the Southeast coast.

SOURCE – (AP)

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